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Peterschik: Dijagnostika traume kod migranata s posebnim osvrtom na PTSP

March 18, 2015 urednik 0 Comments

DIJAGNOSTIKA TRAUME KOD MIGRANATA S POSEBNIM OSVRTOM NA PTSP

Doc. dr. AZRA PETERSCHIK

SAŽETAK

Psihološka dijagnostika traumatiziranih migranata, pogotovo ekstremno traumatiziranih je kompleksan i mulitidimenzionalini proces. On zahtjeva ne samo sagledavanje simptoma i procjenu traumatiziranosti, nego i implikaciju individualnog realiteta u kome se u međusobnoj interakciji nalaze i afektivno-kognitivni sistemi traumatiziranih. Mada nije dokazan direkti kauzalitet između migracije i traumatizacije, ona se ipak vrlo često predstavlja kao trauma (poremećaj i povreda psihičke ravnoteže) koja dugo traje, a pogotovo ako odlazak iz vlastitog doma nije lično odabran. Kao takvu čine je lanac manje ili vise traumatskih doživljaja različitog intenziteta, pa tako ulaze u kategoriju kumulativnih, odnosno sumiranih trauma, koje prema svojim karakteristikama mogu rezultirati pojavom PTSP-a. U tom smislu bilo bi poželjno u dijagnostici traumatiziranih migranata unijeti migracioni proces sa svim svojim specifičnostima i migranta kao osnovnu jedinicu u njegovom sociokulturnom kontekstu.

Ključne riječi: dijagnostika, trauma, migrant, PTSP


 

AZRA PETERSCHIK, PhD

MAKING A DIAGNOSIS OF TRAUMAS WITH MIGRANTS WITH THE SPECIAL ACCOUNT ON PTSP

SUMMARY

Psychological diagnostics of traumatized migrants , especially those with extreme trauma, is a complex and multidimensional process. It requires , not only insight into symptoms and estimation of a traumatic state, but also implication of some individual reality in which within mutual interaction there are as well affective-cognitive systems of the traumatized. Though a direct causality within migration and trauma was not proved, a traumatic state is very often manifested as a trauma (disorder and a psychic balance injury) lasting for longer period, and more expressed in case when leaving of the own home place is not personally determined. As such it is determined as a sequence of less or more traumatic experiences of different intensity, and accordingly comes into the category of cumulative, that is summarized traumas, which may be developed in PTSP state. Consequently, it will be desired with making diagnosis of the traumatized migrants to establish the migration process with its all specific elements as well as a migrant as the basic entity in his/her socio-cultural context.

Keywords: Diagnostics, Trauma, Migrant, PTSP

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